Richard Wright's Elaine 

Richard Wright--novelist, essayist, poet, and cultural figure--addressed the harsh realities of race in the Jim Crow era in his work. One of his most famous novels, Black Boy, recounts his childhood in Elaine, and the impact of the lynching of his uncle, Silas Hoskins, a prosperous business owner and beloved member of the community. Wright's experiences in Elaine would shape his later works and influence countless writers and intellectuals. The Elaine Museum and Civil Rights Center is proud to work in concert with Wright's daughter, Julia, to continue his legacy of truth telling, justice, and equity.

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Photo credit: Library of Congress
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In his highly acclaimed memoir, Black Boy, Richard Wright offers insight into his childhood, a formative period which was spent in Elaine with his Uncle Silas and Aunt Maggie.  Wright's Elaine, which predates the Elaine Massacre of 1919 by just a few years, is one of Black prosperity, community, and promise. The lynching of Uncle Silas and subsequent threats to his family, Richard was forced to flee. The impact of his uncle's murder informed Wright's personal, literary, and political journey.

Richard and brother Leon
Native Son (1940)
Uncle Tom's Children (1938)
12 Million Black Voices (1941)
The Outsider (1953)
Savage Holiday (1954)
The Color Curtain (1956)
The Long Dream (1958)
Eight Men (1960)
Lawd Today! (1963)
American Hunger (1977)
Rite of Passage (1994)
Haiku: The Last Poetry of Richard Wright (2012)
A Father's Law (2008)
The Man Who Lived Underground (2021)
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